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Alcohol

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Alcohol

Drinking Alcohol

While alcohol is a source of pleasure for many, it is also the cause of significant individual, social and economic harm

Alcohol is an addictive, depressant drug and a major cause of illnesses such as liver cirrhosis, cancers, heart disease, and social problems including social exclusion, unemployment, homelessness, violence, disorder, health inequality, teenage pregnancy and accidents

Alcohol is a factor in:

  • One in three sexual offences
  • One in three burglaries
  • One in two street crimes

It has been identified that 40% of Leeds students are hazardous or higher risk drinkers. This impacts not only upon the individuals concerned who place themselves in higher risk situations, but also upon A&E attendances and policing costs in the City

When it comes to our health, it’s the effect of drinking regularly over months, years and decades that causes most harm

It doesn’t matter whether you take it in cocktails, beer, wine, cider or lager; it’s the alcohol that counts

Alcohol affects all kinds of cells in the body, causing changes in some and stopping others from working properly. As with most ‘poisons’, the more you take, the worse the effects are

Our livers make a special substance that breaks down alcohol and burns it as fuel. But alcohol exhausts the liver’s ability to do this and too much too often can damage it permanently

Given a chance, the liver can repair a lot of damage. This is why it’s important to drink sensibly and have non-drinking days as well as not drinking too much at any one time

Alcohol is a also a depressant meaning you may have less control over your emotions and reactions

 

Measuring alcohol consumption

The alcohol content of drinks is measured in ‘units’. Each unit is equivalent to around 10mls or 8g of pure alcohol. The number of units in any drink is related to the strength of the alcohol content and to the volume of the drink

A single (35ml) shot of spirits contains roughly the same amount of alcohol as a small (125ml) glass of wine. This is about the same amount of alcohol (1.4 units) as is contained in a half pint of normal strength beer. In other words, beers are no safer than spirits. What matters is how much you drink

On average, it takes about one hour for your body to break down one unit of alcohol.  However, this can vary, depending on;

  • your weight
  • whether you’re male or female
  • your age
  • how quickly or slowly your body turns food into energy (your metabolism)
  • how much food you have eaten
  • the type and strength of the alcohol
  • whether you’re taking medication and, if so, what type

It can also take longer if your liver isn’t working normally

According to UK government guidelines 

  • Women should ideally drink no more than 2-3 units a day
  • Men no more than 3-4 units a day

 

Sensible Drinking Tips

  • Count up how many units you’ve had over a few days. You’ll probably be surprised
  • Ditch big rounds: It’s easy to end up drinking more when you’re out in a big group. Pair off to buy drinks instead
  • Take a break: If you’ve had too much in one night, avoid alcohol for at least 48 hours
  • Take care at parties. Keep track of how much you are drinking
  • Eating will slow the alcohol absorption in your system
  • Say no to a top-up until your glass is empty. It’s difficult to know how much you are drinking if your glass is being topped up
  • When you’re drinking at home with friends and family, don’t pour much larger measures of spirits than you would get in a bar.  Use an imaginary unit measure to help keep track (or even a real one)
  • Plan how you’re going to get home before your night out. Take a taxi or ask a non-drinking driver to collect you
  • Have a buddy system. Make sure when you go on a night out you always have a buddy. Alcohol can have an impact on your memory and your ability to make decisions. By staying with a friend you can look out for each other when you may have had too much to drink
  • Set a budget: it is easy to get carried away on a night out and the next day you find you have no money left for the rent or food – you may not even have enough for a taxi home. Plan in advance and stick to your budget
  • Drink water: dehydration is the main cause of a hangover. Have a glass of water or a soft drink between alcoholic drinks. And drink water before going to bed
  • Drink Aware’s freshers guide

 

Support for those with drinking problems

If you are worried about your own or someone else’s drinking call:

Addiction Dependency Solutions (ADS),
18 East Parade, Leeds LS1 2BH. Tel: 0113 247 0111. E-mail: leeds@adsolutions.org.uk.  www.adsolutions.org.uk

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
AA has over 60 years of experience with all kinds of drinkers in all phases of active alcoholism and recovery. The support AA offer is free. The only requirement for membership is a desire to stop drinking. There are many groups in Leeds. To find out details contact: 0845 769 7555. www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk

Al-anon offers understanding and support for families and friends of problem drinkers, whether the drinker is still drinking or not. To find out details of your nearest group contact: 020 7403 0888. www.al-anonuk.org.uk

Drinkline can be contacted on 0800 917 8282